Column: the evolution of different types of innovation over time and a novelty in the ecosystem

From 2018, the Oslo Manual proposed that innovation be identified and measured in two large groups and eight subdivisions

The types of innovation

1. Sustainable innovation versus disruptive innovation (Christensen, 1997)

2. Configuration, offer and experience innovation (Kelley, 1998)

3. Open innovation versus closed innovation (Chesbrough, 2003)

4. Incremental innovation versus radical innovation

Agile methodologies in platform innovation

This set of factors has made the management of innovation ecosystems emerge as a new typology in this context of digital platforms, and this is the great transformation we are experiencing today: innovation, increasingly recognized as the result of the interdependence of ecosystems and their orchestration via platforms.